National Health Survey in India

National Health Survey in India

The Indian National Family Health Survey is a large-scale survey conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India. National Family Health Survey is a collaborative project of the International Institute for Population Sciences(IIPS), Mumbai and other international technical institutes . The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare designated IIPS as the nodal agency, responsible for providing coordination and technical guidance for the National Family Health Survey.
National Family Health Survey was funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) with supplementary support from United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). International Institute for Population Sciences collaborated with a number of Field Organizations (FO) for survey implementation.

Each FO was responsible for conducting survey activities in one or more states covered by the NFHS. Technical assistance for the National Family Health Survey was provided by international agencies - ORC Macro and the East-West Center. 

First National Health Survey 
The First National Family Health Survey was conducted in 1992-93. The survey collected extensive information on population, health, and nutrition, with an emphasis on women and young children. 18 Population Research Centres assisted IIPS in all stages of conducting National Family Health Survey-1. All the state-level and national-level reports for the survey have already been published. 

Second National Health Survey 
The Second National Family Health Survey was conducted in 1998-99 in all 26 states of India with added features on the quality of health and family planning services, domestic violence, reproductive health, anemia, the nutrition of women, and the status of women. The results of the survey are currently being published. 

Third National Health Survey 
The Third National Family Health Survey was carried out in 2005-2006. 18 Research Organizations including 5 Population Research Centres carried out the survey in 29 states of India. The funding for NFHS-3 is provided by USAID, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, UNICEF etc. 

NFHS-3 provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour and the health of slum populations. For the first time, Third National Health Survey also provides information on men and unmarried women. In addition, HIV prevalence is measured at the national level and for selected states. 

Fourth National Health Survey 
The Fourth National Family Health Survey will be carried out in 2013-2014. Health Ministry has decided to gather information on hysterectomies in the forthcoming National Family Health Survey as many health activists has raised concerns regarding the rising incident.
source: official website for National Health Survey