Indian Current Affairs | Current Affairs India - September 2011

Agreements signed between India and Bangladesh
This post details the various aspects of major agreements signed between India and Bangladesh recently

Framework Agreement on Cooperation for Development
The Framework Agreement on Cooperation for Development signed by the two Prime Ministers on September 6, 2011 in Dhaka provides the template for future cooperation between India and Bangladesh. The Agreement lays down the framework for enhancing mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation in a wide range of areas. These include - promotion of trade, investment and economic cooperation; connectivity; water resources; management of natural disasters; generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, including from renewable or other sources; promotion of scientific, educational and cultural cooperation; people to people exchanges; environmental protection and responding to challenges of climate change through adaptation; sub regional cooperation in the power sector, water resources management, physical connectivity, environment and sustainable development; and enhancing cooperation in security.

Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement 
The Protocol to the Agreement Concerning the Demarcation between India and Bangladesh seeks to address all outstanding land boundary issues and provide a final settlement to the India-Bangladesh boundary. The outstanding issues addressed include (i) undemarcated land boundary in three sectors viz. Daikhata-56 (West Bengal), Muhuri River-Belonia (Tripura) and Dumabari (Assam); (ii) enclaves; and (iii) adverse possessions. The undemarcated boundary in all three segments has now been demarcated.The status of 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh with a population of 37,334 and 51 Bangladesh enclaves in India with a population of 14,215 has been addressed.

MOU on Conservation of the Sunderbans
The MOU seeks to facilitate cooperation in the areas of conservation of biodiversity, joint management of resources, livelihood generation for poverty alleviation and development, cataloging of local flora and fauna and studying the impacts of climate change. A Working Group would be set up to implement the activities under MoU. The MoU is valid for for an initial period of five years which can be extended further through mutual consent. 

Protocol on Conservation of the Royal Bengal Tiger of the Sunderban
The Protocol on Conservation of the Royal Bengal Tiger of the Sunderban provides for bilateral cooperation in undertaking scientific research, knowledge sharing and patrolling of the Sunderban waterways on their respective sides to prevent poaching or smuggling of derivatives from wildlife and bilateral initiatives to ensure survival and conservation of the Royal Bengal Tiger in the unique ecosystem of the Sunderban. The Protocol also provides for cooperation to promote understanding & knowledge of Royal Bengal Tigers, exchange of personnel for training and promotion of education. 

MoU on Cooperation in the field of Fisheries
This Memorandum of Understanding seeks to promote development of cooperation in fisheries and acquaculture and allied activities between the two countries through joint activities, programmes, exchange of scientific materials, information and personnel. The MOU would be valid for an initial period of 5 years and can be extended further through mutual consent. 

MOU on Cooperation in the field of Renewable Energy 
This Memorandum of Understanding aims to establish the basis for a cooperative institutional relationship to encourage and promote technical, bilateral cooperation in the areas of solar, wind and bio energy on the basis of mutual benefit, equality and reciprocity. 

Teesta river agreement - A failure
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has refused to accompany the prime minister to Dhaka to protest against the final draft of the Teesta river water-sharing agreement with Bangladesh.This agreement was the highlight of the visit, which did not materialize.