Pitt Act of 1784

The Regulating Act of 1773 had proven to be a failure within a few years and the British government decided to take a more active role in the affairs of the Company.  In 1781, British Parliament passed an amendment act called the Act of Settlement.

Pitt's India Act of 1784 provided for the appointment of a Board of Control, and provided for a joint government of British India by both the Company and the Crown with the government holding the ultimate authority.

Features of Pitt Act 1784
  1. A governing board (Board of Control) was constituted with six members, two of whom were members of the British Cabinet.The Board also had a president, who soon effectively became the minister for the affairs of the East India Company. 
  2. The Act stated that the Board would henceforth "superintend, direct and control" the government of the Company's possessions,in effect controlling the acts and operations relating to the civil, military and revenues of the Company.It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company.
  3. Board of Control - Political - War/Military/Civil. 
  4. Court of Directors - Commercial - trade. 
  5. The governing council of the Company(called the Court of Directors) was reduced to three members, and the governor-general, a crown appointee, was authorised to veto the majority decisions. 
  6. The governors of Bombay and Madras were also deprived of their independence. The governor-general was given greater powers in matters of war, revenue and diplomacy.

Choose the correct statements from below:
a. The Regulating Act of 1773 was the first step by British govt to regulate the East India Company.
b. The Pitt’s India Act setup the Supreme Court in Calcutta.
c. The Charter Act of 1833 first recognized the company’s territories in India as British possessions.
d. Pitt’s India Act created the Board of Control to look after political affairs.
Only a,b,c is correct.
Only a,c,d is correct.
Only a,d is correct.
All are correct.

Select the Correct statement
a. The Pitt’s India Act created Board of Control to manage political affairs.
b. The Pitt’s India Act created the Court of Directors to manage the commercial affairs.
c. Both correct
d. Both wrong