India-based Neutrino Observatory

India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is a proposed particle physics research project to primarily study atmospheric neutrinos in a approx 1300 meters deep cave under Ino Peak near Theni, Tamil Nadu, India. It is anticipated to provide a precise measurement of neutrino mixing parameters. 

The project is a multi-institute collaboration and one of the biggest experimental particle physics projects undertaken in India. More than 30 research institutions across India like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Harish Chandra Research Institute are coordinating with INO for the project. 

When completed, the INO will house the world's most massive magnet, four times larger than the 12,500-tonne magnet in the Compact Muon Solenoid detector at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland.

Location: Bodi West hills at Pattipuram near Devaram in Theni district of TamilNadu.

What are Neutrios: Neutrinos are electrically neutral, weakly interacting elementary subatomic particle. Neutrinos have mass but that their masses are tiny, even by the standards of subatomic particles. Neutrinos do not carry any electric charge, which means that they are not affected by the electromagnetic force that acts on charged particles, such as electrons and protons. Neutrinos are affected only by the weak subatomic force, which is of much shorter range than electromagnetism, and gravity. Therefore, a neutrino typically passes through normal matter unimpeded. India-based 

Neutrino Observatory is meant for : There are three types of neutrinos, which were initially thought to be mass-less, are now believed to have a small mass. This was shown by observations of neutrino oscillation, which is a phenomenon by which one type of neutrino transforms into another. There is a hierarchy among the masses of these three types of neutrino and the experiments at the INO will study this mass ordering using a magnetised iron calorimeter (ICAL). The ICAL is a massive detector which will be made of iron — 50,000 tonnes of it. The project will be housed in the 63 acres of land, about 2 km away from the settlement, in the Bodi West Hills about 100 km from Madurai, Tamil 

Try answering this Question

1. Which among the following true about India-based Neutrino Observatory?
1. The observatory is meant for the study of electrons and protons
2. Bodi West hills at Pattipuram near Devaram in Theni district of TamilNadu is the proposed location
3. The studies are planned with the help of NASA
4. The project is going to use the world's most massive magnet
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 Only
(b) 2 and 4 Only
(c) 1 and 4 Only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4