Vinoba Bhave

Vinoba Bhave (1895 - 1982) was a freedom fighter and a spiritual teacher. He is best known for Bhoodan Andolan (land gift movement). He is considered as a National Teacher of India and the spiritual successor of Mahatma Gandhi. He was associated with Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian independence movement. In 1932 he was sent to jail by the British, where he wrote his famous book,"Talks on the Gita". In 1940 he was chosen by Gandhi to be the first Individual Satyagrahi against the British rule. In 1958 Vinoba was the first recipient of the international Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1983.

Bhoodan Andolan
Bhoodan movement started at Pochampally,AP in 1951, when Vedre Ramchandra Reddy,a local landlord, offered 250 acres of land to Vinoba for the landless farmers. After that Vinoba walked all across India asking people with land to consider him as one of their sons and so give him a one seventh of their land which he then distributed to landless poor. He got more than 1000 villages in the form of donation for poor Indians.

Sarvodaya movement
Sarvodaya means 'universal uplift' or 'progress of all". The term was first coined by Mohandas Gandhi as the title of his 1908 translation of John Ruskin's tract on political economy, Unto This Last, and Gandhi came to use the term for the ideal of his own political philosophy. Vinoba Bhave along with J. P. Narayan, Dada Dharmadhikari etc continued working to promote the kind of society that he envisioned, and their efforts have come to be known as the Sarvodaya Movement. Bhoodan and Gramdan movements were the concepts of Sarvodaya.

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